Flashing installed on top of cap. Stringers in line for installation prior to flashing application. Flashing installed on top of stringers prior to deck board installation. Stringer flashing installation in process. Deck boards installed over stringer flashing. Complete flashing project Existing piles on a structure where rot was removed At the outset of any project, deteriorated piles, caps, stringers and deck boards are identified and rotten material removed prior to restoration. Epoxy resin mixture added to fill the void prior to replacing the cap on the piles Epoxy resins bind with the original material to become one and the same with the pile or cap. Once the void has been filled in the piles, the bridge cap can then be reinstalled This process is repeated for all structure components. Bridge cap being reinstalled on top of restored piles. Reassembling the structure with restored and newly treated materials is the next step. Splicing piles is also possible using an approach appropriate to the circumstances. Some repairs are more challenging than others like the pile in this photograph. An epoxy resin mixture is used to fill the void/gap to the extent possible. The wrap adds to and actually replaces the structural integrity of the original pile. A wrap is applied to achieve the finished outcome. This completed wrap not only resembles the original structure, it improves upon it and adds years to the useful life of the structure. Even rotten end caps that seem worthless can be brought back into service. Where replacing this type of material is often the only solution considered, the cap can actually be brought back to a condition as good as or even better than when originally constructed. Large degree of deterioration in the timber highlights where filler material is to be applied. Knowing the proper epoxy resin mixtures is key to producing a lasting outcome. Void filled in existing timber with epoxy resin mixture, then formed to conform the original cap dimensions. The end product not only provides the necessary structural integrity for the structure, its appearance is as though nothing ever changed. Lowered sunken pile can be married to a replacement pile using epoxy resin mixture and pole wrap. Different situations often require unique applications. Durable can creatively solve problems on the job site. Pre drilled carbon rods may be used prior to epoxy resin mixture to help bind the 2 pieces together for structural integrity. The key is always bringing the material in the structure down to the remaining good wood so the resin mixtures utilized can achieve a proper bond with the material. Repaired pile prior to wrapping. Layered aramid fiber is wrapped with epoxy resin mixture to encapsulate and bond the wrap to pile. Restored pile is shown here under newly installed and restored caps. Complete restored support structure for a bridge. This repair is done at a fraction of the cost of replacing the structure. Railings are installed per engineer specifications The end product must adhere to applicable regulations and is ready to perform. Deck boards have been installed and this bridge is ready for traffic The process is complete, the structure undergoes final inspection and the bridge is returned to service.